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Enterotomy / Gastrotomy (GI FB)

Surgical Procedure

Enterotomy is the procedure of making a surgical incision into the intestine and a Gastotomy is a surgical incision into the stomach. The most likely purpose of these procedures is either to remove a mass or to remove an ingested object that is causing an obstruction to normal bowel movements. In some cases, an obstruction may be diagnosed symptomatically by attempts to vomit and also lack of stool passing. The obstruction may later be diagnosed and confirmed by X-ray radiography, however, some objects may not be visible or identifiable on the X-ray images and thus an exploratory procedure may be necessary to find the obstruction. Left uncheck, obstructions may cause severe internal damage and may eventually lead to death. In some cases, overnight monitoring may be required after this procedure.

Process overview

Pre-Surgery Preparations

All procedures require pre-operational bloodwork. Food and water is restricted 8 to 12 hours prior to surgery to prevent possible aspiration due to vomiting. Depending on the case and procedure, additional diagnostic tests may be required for example EKG, Xray, or ultrasound. We may also recommend an anesthesia specialist if necessary to oversee the anesthesia and health monitoring of your pet.

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During Surgery

Your pet will given a sedative to facilitiate preparation of the surgical site and placement of IV cather. The next step is to provide oxygen, fluids, and thermal support. All medical equipment or apparatus will then be connected so as to monitor your pet's vital signs. Your pet is then anesthetized (induced) and appropriate pain management (epidural, local anesthetic, constant rate infusion/CRI) is administered as needed. We will continue to regulate and monitor your pet throughout the procedure.

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Immediately following the procedure, we continue to administer fluids and observe your pet for a few hours until your pet is fully awake. Discharge instructions will be provided during which all your post-op questions will be answered by the doctor and your pet is able to go home to start his/her recovery process. Follow-up post-operative exams and post-operation pain medication is provided.

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