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Elbow Dysplasia - OCD/FMCP/UAP

Surgical Procedure

dog elbow joint dysplasia

Elbow dysplasia occurs during the developmental stage of a dog and may be hereditary. This disease consists of one or more of the following diseases:

1) fragmented medial coronoid process (FMCP) which is caused by deterioration of the cartilage surrounding the ulnar bone and/or deterioration of the ulnar bone itself;

2) ununited anconeal process (UAP) which occurs as a result of the bone projection called anconeal process not properly fusing to the ulna during bone growth; and

3) osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD) which is due to a thickened area of cartilage sometimes leading to an exposed cartilage flap and caused by poor mineralization during bone growth through to maturation.

cat elbow joint dysplasia

Process overview

Pre-Surgery Preparations

All procedures require pre-operational bloodwork. Food and water is restricted 8 to 12 hours prior to surgery to prevent possible aspiration due to vomiting. Depending on the case and procedure, additional diagnostic tests may be required for example EKG, Xray, or ultrasound. We may also recommend an anesthesia specialist if necessary to oversee the anesthesia and health monitoring of your pet.

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During Surgery

Your pet will given a sedative to facilitiate preparation of the surgical site and placement of IV cather. The next step is to provide oxygen, fluids, and thermal support. All medical equipment or apparatus will then be connected so as to monitor your pet's vital signs. Your pet is then anesthetized (induced) and appropriate pain management (epidural, local anesthetic, constant rate infusion/CRI) is administered as needed. We will continue to regulate and monitor your pet throughout the procedure.

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Immediately following the procedure, we continue to administer fluids and observe your pet for a few hours until your pet is fully awake. Discharge instructions will be provided during which all your post-op questions will be answered by the doctor and your pet is able to go home to start his/her recovery process. Follow-up post-operative exams and post-operation pain medication is provided.

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